What is a scar?
Scarring is the process by which wounds are repaired. Damage to the deeper layer of the skin, the dermis, is required to produce a scar. Damage to only the epidermis, the most superficial layer of skin, will not always produce a scar. Scars produce a structural change in the deeper layers of the skin which is perceived as an alteration in the architecture of the normal surface features. It is not just a change in skin color. Fetal tissues and mucosal tissues have the ability to heal without producing a scar. Understanding how and why this is possible could lead to better surgical scar outcomes.
Scar Removal/ Reduction is meant to remove the scars so that it is more consistent with the surrounding skin tone and texture. They are visible signs which remain after a wound has healed. Scar Removal indicates a cosmetic result can be produced, or a scar can be healed properly but it cannot be completely erased.
What are possible treatments for Scars Reduction?
Laser surgery: Vascular (blood vessel)-specific lasers may be used to lighten flat or raised scars that are pink to purple in color. Vascular laser treatment may also help flatten raised scars. A carbon dioxide ablative laser can also be used to treat different types of scars
Surgery: There are many options under this category, including skin grafts, excision (removal), or laser surgery. When looking into surgery, discuss with your doctor whether you will have local anesthesia with an oral sedative, or general anesthesia. If you’ve recently had plastic, cosmetic, or other surgery that has caused your scars, it is best to wait at least one year before making a decision about scar removal treatment. Many scars fade and become less noticeable over time.
Injections: In the case of protruding scars such as keloids or hypertrophic scars, your doctor may choose to use steroid injections to flatten the scars. Such injections can be used as a stand-alone treatment, or in combination with other treatments.